The Plant List — A working list for all plant species

⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded.

You should refer instead to the current version of The Plant List.

Conditions of Use

This online database is copyrighted by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden on behalf of The Plant List (TPL) and its contributors.

Content available on this site has been provided by TPL’s data partners, who may have placed restrictions on how you can re-use that content.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons License The Plant List by Missouri Botanical Gardens and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, on behalf of The Plant List and its contributors is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

Based on a work at

Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at

Use of the Content

Use of the content (such as the classification, synonymised species checklist, and scientific names) for publications and databases by individuals and organizations for not-for-profit usage is encouraged, on condition that full and precise credit is given to The Plant List and the conditions of the Creative Commons Licence are observed.

If you wish to use the content on a public portal or webpage you are required to contact The Plant List editors at to request written permission and to ensure that credits are properly made.

Commercial Use

Use of this compilation or any of the databases contained within it by commercial organizations requires a written agreement from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. This applies to use commercially for external services, products or publications and to provide internal services within an organization.


The Plant List cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information in this edition. Be aware that The Plant List is still incomplete and undoubtedly contains errors. Neither Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Missouri Botanical Garden nor any of the contributing databases can be made liable for any direct or indirect damage arising from the use of The Plant List.

While every effort has been taken to ensure that the information held in the database is reliable and complete, The Plant List is not responsible for any errors or omissions in the data or any damages arising from the use of the data.

The Material displayed on our Website is provided without any guarantees, conditions or warranties as to its accuracy. To the extent permitted by law, we, other members of our group and third parties connected to us hereby expressly exclude: